Two Decisive Campaigns
Jackson & Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley
October 5-12, 2014
Historian Guide: Neil Mangum
The Civil War swept full force into Virginia shortly after it seceded from the United States. With the Confederate capital of Richmond only 100 miles from Washington, D.C., it was obvious the North would try to capture the seat of the Confederate government. In spring of 1862, when the Union army was approaching Richmond, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson unleashed an offensive in the Shenandoah Valley, one of the most brilliant campaigns in military history. Achieving victories at McDowell, Port Republic, and Cross Keys, his bold fighting, coupled with indirection and circumvention, drew thousands of Federal troops away from Richmond and inspired the Confederates with hope and optimism.
By 1864, after Lee and Early had used the Valley as an avenue of invasion and then as a safe refuge, Union leaders decided it was too dangerous to leave the Shenandoah in Confederate hands. It had to be cleared once and for all. Grant named Gen. Philip H. Sheridan as new commander, and with 40,000 soldiers, he took the war to the Southerners. In scorched-earth actions, he burned and laid waste much of the Valley's agricultural and economic resources, assuring that no future Confederate army could invade through the Shenandoah again.
Follow in the company of historian guide Neil Mangum as he lends insight into all the events of these two critical campaigns of the Civil War.
8 Days / 7 Nights
Cost: $2,750 Single Occupancy, $2,475 Double Occupancy
There is a $200 reduction in price per tour if you take both
this tour and The Civil War Custer.
Click to request a 2014 printed Travel Guide.
Sunday, October 5
Gather at Embassy Suites, Dulles Airport for a briefing and welcome dinner hosted by Neil Mangum and HistoryAmerica TOURS.
Monday, October 6
First stop on the day's tour is Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. Both Jackson and Sheridan were here, Jackson in 1862 and Sheridan in 1864. Following Harpers Ferry, we cross into Virginia and begin our ascent of the Shenandoah Valley. At the Third Battle of Winchester, we see where Sheridan crushed the Confederate army under Jubal A. Early. Not far away is the Kernstown battlefield. Jackson may have lost here but his presence on the doorsteps of Washington, D. C. halted Union momentum in the campaign to take Richmond. We check into our Staunton hotel, where we spend the next four nights.
Tuesday, October 7
Most of the day is spent in historic Lexington, Stonewall Jackson's home and also his burial site. On the campus of Washington and Lee University is the Lee Chapel holding the remains of Confederate general Robert E. Lee. Nearby is the campus of VMI (Virginia Military Institute) and its outstanding museum. Before returning to Staunton we end visit the town of Waynesboro, which was the final battle in Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley campaign and the June 5, 1864 battlefield known as Piedmont.
Wednesday, October 8
The day is devoted to Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign. Tour stops include the battlefields of McDowell, Cross Keys, Port Republic, and the death site of Turner Ashby.
Thursday, October 9
Today features some of the 1864 battles of Phil Sheridan's army. Stops at Lacey Springs and Tom's Brook in the morning are followed by afternoon visits to the May 1864 battlefield of New Market and September fight at Fisher's Hill.
Friday, October 10
Traveling north, we start our day at Front Royal, site of Jackson's 1862 victory over a federal garrison and where Sheridan's cavalry hanged and shot several of Mosby's Rangers. The day concludes with a tour of the October 1864 battle of Cedar Creek, a landmark conflict that destroyed Early's army while bringing fame and notoriety to the military career of General Sheridan. Overnight in Winchester.
Saturday, October 11
We begin the day with a tour of the May 1862 battle of Winchester, a victory for Jackson. See the execution site of General George Custer's Michigan cavalrymen captured by Mosby's Rangers. En route back to the Dulles Embassy Suites for our farewell dinner, our final stop on the tour is the Smithsonian Air & Space Udvar Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia, showcasing aviation artifacts, including a Concord, the space shuttle Discovery, and the Enola Gay.
Sunday, October 12
Depart at your leisure following breakfast.